To begin with, the binary being referred to under this term is a file. Its content is such that it must be interpreted by a program or a hardware processor which understands its format. It cannot be identifiable in any other sort of external format so that any and all programs which wanted to look for data within a certain place within the file could not find it. In essence, the program or processor would have to know exactly how the data is organized inside the file to make use of the file.
Consequently, binaries is a term used to refer to a particular set of executables or compiled computer program files that will perform a particular function. They are typically utilized in many open source projects and can be re-compiled from source code. These pre-compiled binaries are typically set up to be read and executed by the most popular platforms and operating systems.
These files are typically labeled with the file extension “.bin” and are ready to run. Programmers typically ask for these source codes by asking another programmer to send them the binaries, which is more or less a slang term for asking for an object code. In addition to providing the object code, a binary can also contain date that is ready to be used within the program as well.
A file can be transmitted as a binary from one place to another without other programs handling it, attempting to look into it, or change it. Other programs will simply pass it along as a data chunk made up of 0s and 1s that will have no meaning outside of the network or device that it is meant to be read and executed.